FAQ: What Is Intensive And Extensive Agriculture?

What is intensive farming in agriculture?

A type of agricultural production system that uses high inputs of fertilizer, pesticides, labour and capital in relation to the size of the land area being farmed.

What is extensive system of farming?

Extensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The crop yield in extensive agriculture depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soil, the terrain, the climate, and the availability of water.

What is an example of intensive agriculture?

Crops. Monocropping is a defining feature of intensive plant agriculture. Large areas of land are planted with a single species, such as wheat, corn, or soy, with the latter two used heavily in animal feed.

Is intensive farming good or bad?

Intensive, high-yielding agriculture may be the best way to meet growing demand for food while conserving biodiversity, say researchers. Intensive farming is said to create high levels of pollution and damage the environment more than organic farming.

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What are the main features of extensive agriculture?

The three main features of this system are: The size of agricultural farms are large which cover more than hundreds of hectares. Most of the agricultural operations are carried out by machines and human hands involved are few. Production is surplus and most of the crops are exported.

What is difference between intensive and extensive farming?

Intensive Farming refers to an agricultural system, wherein there is high level use of labor and capital, in comparison to the land area. Extensive Farming is a farming system, in which large farms are being cultivated, with moderately lower inputs, i.e. capital and labor.

What countries use extensive farming?

Contrary to intensive farming, extensive farming system is practiced in the low population density regions of U.S.A. Canada in N. America; Argentina, Peru, etc. in S. America; Russian Federation in Eurasia; Australia, New Zealand etc.

Why is intensive agriculture bad?

Furthermore, intensive farming kills beneficial insects and plants, degrades and depletes the very soil it depends on, creates polluted runoff and clogged water systems, increases susceptibility to flooding, causes the genetic erosion of crops and livestock species around the world, decreases biodiversity, destroys

Where is intensive farming used?

Many large-scale farm operators, especially in such relatively vast and agriculturally advanced nations as Canada and the United States, practice intensive agriculture in areas where land values are relatively low, and at great distances from markets, and farm enormous tracts of land with high yields.

How does intensive farming affect human health?

It increases susceptibility to infection and disease, with potentially serious effects. Intensive farming practices are increasing the risk of these bacteria in our food, as stressed animals become more susceptible to infection, the report suggests.

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What are the disadvantages of intensive farming?

Disadvantages Of Industrial Agriculture

  • Deforestation. Intensive farming causes soil degradation and leads to the expansion of new lands.
  • Pest and weed resistance to chemicals.
  • Soil degradation.
  • Impact on natural habitats.
  • Water pollution.
  • Climate change.

Why do we need intensive farming?

It requires close attention to the land itself and the crops, rather than the standard mode of farming which is to plant cash crops at the highest yield possible. These crops have their own advantages, including natural resistance to certain diseases, pests or conditions.

Why is intensive farming important?

With the introduction of intensive farming, farm produce, such as vegetables, fruits, and poultry products have become less expensive. It also aids in solving the worldwide hunger problems to a great extent. This means that common people can now afford a balanced and nutritious diet.

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